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Diabetes focus: What is Type 1 Diabetes

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Diabetes is a common term referring to a metabolic disease that affects the production and response of insulin in our body. We are all definitely no stranger to this name and may have some basic understanding of what it is all about. However, are we aware of its different types? Diabetes can be broken down into 2 main types – Type 1 and Type 2 – and both have varying differences that sets them apart.

So, what is Type 1 diabetes really? Here is a brief explanation on all you need to know about Type 1 DM.

1. Type 1 causes

Type 1 DM is easily identified by the body’s inability to produce insulin. When the pancreas fails to produce insulin, glucose is unable to travel to the cells and muscles of the body causing it to concentrate in the blood which eventually leads to high blood sugar levels. Hence, the name “insulin-dependent diabetes” is mostly used to refer to Type 1 DM.

 

2. Type 1 symptoms

Diabetes normally comprises of similar symptoms between Type 1 and Type 2 such as increased thirst, rapid weight loss, nausea, frequent infections, slow healing wounds, fatigue and frequent urination. If you find that you are experiencing two or more of these symptoms, seek medical help immediately.

 

3. Type 1 affects all ages

Although it used to be referred to as “juvenile diabetes”, Type 1 DM can occur in people of all ages. Its factors vary from diet and exercise and sometimes even in inevitable forms like genetics. The best way to detect Type 1 diabetes is to go for regular body check-ups as Type 1 onset can be rapid and acute with sudden high blood sugar levels.

 

4. Type 1 can affect any body type

While many may misjudge obesity as the main cause of diabetes, the opposite can be observed in Type 1 DM as it is most commonly attributed to slim, normal weighted individuals – some may even be active and healthy! So, don’t take things for granted and take note of its symptoms!

 

5. Type 1 preventive measures

As its name states, Type 1 is an insulin-dependent diabetes prior to its inability to produce any or enough insulin and unfortunately can only be controlled with regular insulin shots – not prevented. As much as diabetes is an uncommon disease, it does not mean it is any less scary than the rest. If not taken care of properly, complications such as blindness and amputation can occur. So, take care of yourself and be aware of these for your loved ones, too.

 

Image: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/2.0/ by https://www.flickr.com/photos/sriram/1571464801

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